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简介: 社科英语词语与语法的一部分难点词汇 audacious a. 大胆的,放肆的,无礼的,厚颜无耻的   例句与用法:   Brazenly daring; audacious. 鲁莽的;蛮干的   

社科英语词语与语法的一部分难点词汇

audacious a. 大胆的,放肆的,无礼的,厚颜无耻的

  例句与用法:

  Brazenly daring; audacious. 鲁莽的;蛮干的

  Audacious and gallant; spirited. 闯劲足的闯劲足的而且英勇的;精力充沛的

  A person regarded as aggressive, audacious, or fierce. 凶恶的人,虎狼之徒被认为是有野心、卤莽或凶残的人

  词形变化:名词:audaciousness 副词:audaciously

  英英解释:形容词 audacious:

  invulnerable to fear or intimidation

  同义词:brave, dauntless, fearless, intrepid, unfearing

  unrestrained by convention or propriety- Bertrand Russell

  同义词:barefaced, bodacious, bald-faced, brassy, brazen, brazen-faced, insolent

  disposed to venture or take risks

  同义词:daring, venturesome, venturous

  browbeat v. (用神情、言词) 威吓,严词厉色地斥责;vt. 吓唬,威逼

  例句与用法:

  For many Britons accustomed to watching Thatcher browbeat enemies and dress down aides, it seemed like only a matter of time before her support for Major would cool. 对很多看惯撒切尔向她的政敌怒目而视或斥责僚属的英国人来说,她对梅杰的支持迟早都会冷却。

  I wont be browbeaten into accepting your proposals. 我不会在威迫之下接受你的提议.

  The judge browbeat the witness. 那法官威吓证人.

  词形变化:动词过去式:browbeat 过去分词:browbeaten 现在分词:browbeating 第三人称单数:browbeats 名词:brow-beater

  英英解释:动词 browbeat: be bossy towards

  同义词:strong-arm, bully, bullyrag, ballyrag, boss around, hector, push around

  discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner; intimidate

  同义词:bully, swagger

  bogus a. 假的,伪造的

  例句与用法:

  The company was bogus, the prospectus was all got up. 那公司全属子虚乌有,所谓的创办计划是胡编乱造出来的。

  英英解释:形容词 bogus:fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

  同义词:fake, phony, phoney, bastard bravado 虚张声势

  carp [kɑ:p] n. 鲤鱼 v. 吹毛求疵

  Other experiments in crossing bighead and silver carp have produced a new variety of fish.

  使大头鱼和银色鲤鱼杂交的其他试验获得了一个新品种。

  I like the white carp most. 我最喜欢白色的鲤鱼。

  词形变化:名词:carper 动词过去式:carped 过去分词:carped 现在分词:carping 第三人称单数:carps 名词复数:carp

  英英解释:

  名词 carp:the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised

  any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae

  动词 carp:raise trivial objections

  同义词:cavil, chicane captious 吹毛求疵

  censorious a. 受批判的

  词形变化:名词:censoriousness 副词:censoriously

  英英解释:形容词 censorious:harshly critical or expressing censure curmudgeons 脾气坏的人

  clamorous a. 吵闹的

   例句与用法:

  The silent night has the beauty of the mother and the clamorous day of the child. 静悄悄的黑夜具有母亲的美丽,而吵闹的白天具有孩子的美丽。

  The meeting began to become clamorous. 会议开始变得喧哗了。

  词形变化:名词:clamorousness 副词:clamorously

  英英解释:形容词 clamorous:conspicuously and offensively loud; given to vehement outcry

  同义词:blatant, clamant, strident, vociferous catcalls 奚落反对的尖叫声

  capitulate v. 有条件投降

   词形变化:动词过去式:capitulated 过去分词:capitulated 现在分词:capitulating 第三人称单数:capitulates 名词:capitulant

  英英解释:动词 capitulate:surrender under agreed conditions

  capitulated 投降的

  chagrined a. 失望的,灰心的

  例句与用法:He was chagrined at his failure. 他为自己的失败而感到懊恼。

  英英解释:动词 chagrin:cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

  同义词:humiliate, mortify, chagrin, humble, abase contrail 凝结,尾流

  consecrate v. 供神用,奉献,使神圣 a. 被献给神的,神圣的

  例句与用法:

  A doctors life is consecrated to curing sick people. 医生献身于医治病人。

  This battle field is consecrated to the memory of the soldiers who died here. 这个战场被视为圣地以纪念战死在这里的战士。

  词形变化:名词:consecrator 形容词:consecrative 动词过去式:consecrated 过去分词:consecrated 现在分词:consecrating 第三人称单数:consecrates

  英英解释:

  动词 consecrate:appoint to a clerical posts

  同义词:ordain, ordinate, order

  give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

  同义词:give, dedicate, commit, devote

  dedicate to a deity by a vow

  同义词:vow

  render holy by means of religious rites

  同义词:bless, hallow, sanctify

  形容词 consecrate:

  solemnly dedicated to or set apart for a high purpose

  同义词:consecrated, dedicated canonized 正式宣布为圣徒

  cannibalize vt. 同型装配,调拨人员,拆用配件

  词形变化:动词过去式:cannibalized 过去分词:cannibalized 现在分词:cannibalizing 第三人称单数:cannibalizes 名词:cannibalization

  英英解释:

  动词 cannibalize:eat human flesh

  同义词:cannibalise

  use parts of something to repair something else

  同义词:cannibalise

  cologne n. 科隆香水,古龙香水

  例句与用法:

  By this letter we inform you that we shall send these wines to our friends at Cologne. 我们将这些葡萄酒邮寄给在科隆的客户,特此函告。

  Flattery is like cologne water, to be smelt of, not swallowed. 恭维话好比古龙水(科隆香水),是为了闻,而非为吞的东西。

  英英解释:

  名词 cologne:

  a commercial center and river port in western Germany on the Rhine River; flourished during the 15th century as a member of the Hanseatic League

  同义词:Koln

  a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol

  同义词:cologne water, eau de cologne

  caprice n. 反覆无常,善变,任性

  例句与用法:A caprice or fancy. 空想,幻想

  英英解释:

  名词 caprice:a sudden desire

  同义词:impulse, whim

  capricious a. 变化无常的,任性的

  例句与用法:

  Capricious or whimsical. 反复无常的,三心两意的

  The novelist characterizes his heroine as capricious and passionate. 这位小说家把女主人公刻画成反覆无常而又多情的人.

  The climate on grassland is capricious. 草原的气候变化无常。

  Romantic heroines are often capricious. 浪漫的女主人公往往难以捉摸。

  词形变化:

  名词:capriciousness 副词:capriciously

  英英解释:形容词 capricious:changeable

  同义词:freakish

  determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason

  同义词:impulsive, whimsical capsized 倾覆

  coddle 娇养,溺爱,细心照料,煮鸡蛋

  例句与用法:

  Hell need to be coddled after his illness. 他病後需要悉心照料.

  词形变化:

  名词:coddler 动词过去式:coddled 过去分词:coddled 现在分词:coddling 第三人称单数:coddles

  英英解释:

  动词 coddle:treat with excessive indulgence

  同义词:pamper, featherbed, cosset, cocker, baby, mollycoddle, spoil, indulge

  cook in nearly boiling water

  chipper a. 爽朗的,活泼的,爽快的

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:chippered 过去分词:chippered 现在分词:chippering 第三人称单数:chippers

  英英解释:形容词 chipper:having a cheerful, lively, and self-confident air

  同义词:debonair, debonaire, jaunty dementia 痴呆,智力衰退

  disciple [disaipl] n. 弟子,门徒,拥护者

  例句与用法:

  He is a devout disciple of the Episcopal Church. 他是英国圣公会的一名虔诚的信徒。

  An admirer or a disciple of Richard Wagner. 作曲家瓦格那的崇拜者或门徒

  We are disciples of the artistic leader. 我们是那位艺术领袖的追随者。

  He is a disciple of religion. 他是宗教信徒。

  词形变化:名词:discipleship

  英英解释:名词 disciple:someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another

  同义词:adherent denigration 诽谤,诬蔑

  dupe [dju:p] n. 受骗的人,上当者vt. 欺骗,愚弄

   例句与用法:

  One who is easily swindled; a dupe. 傻瓜容易上当受骗的人;易被愚弄的人

  A person used by another as a dupe or tool. 被愚弄的人作为蠢物或工具而被人利用的人

  A fool or dupe. 蠢人,容易受骗的人

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:duped 过去分词:duped 现在分词:duping 第三人称单数:dupes 形容词:dupable 名词:dupability

  英英解释:

  名词 dupe:a person who is tricked or swindled

  同义词:victim

  动词 dupe:fool or hoax

  同义词:gull, slang, befool, cod, fool, put on, take in, put one over, put one across

  doff v. 脱,丢弃,废除,脱帽

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:doffed 过去分词:doffed 现在分词:doffing 第三人称单数:doffs

  英英解释:动词 doff:remove

  daft [dɑ:ft] a. 愚笨的,癫狂的,狂闹的

  例句与用法:Dont be so daft! 别那麽傻了!

  词形变化:

  名词:daftness 副词:daftly 形容词比较级:dafter 最高级:daftest

  英英解释:

  形容词 daft:informal or slang terms for mentally irregular

  同义词:balmy, barmy, bats, batty, bonkers, buggy, cracked, crackers, dotty, fruity, haywire, kooky, kookie, loco, loony, loopy, nuts, nutty, round the bend, around the bend, wacky, whacky

  despicable a. 可鄙的,卑劣的

  例句与用法:

  He is a stupid or despicable person. 他是一个愚蠢或卑劣的人。

  Deserving of contempt; despicable. 该受轻视的;可鄙的

  A despicable coward; a wretch. 怯懦者卑劣的懦夫;可怜虫,坏东西

  A sneaky or despicable person. 一个卑怯的或可鄙的人

  词形变化:副词:despicably 名词:despicableness

  英英解释:形容词 despicable:morally reprehensible

  同义词:ugly, vile, slimy, unworthy, worthless, wretched denim 斜纹棉布

  deign [dein] v. 屈尊,惠允(做某事)vi. 屈尊vt. 赐于

  例句与用法:

  In compensation trade payment is made by goods and not by for deign exchange.

  在补偿贸易中,付款以货物而不是用外汇进行。

  He did not deign to an answer. 他不屑置答。

  词形变化:动词过去式:deigned 过去分词:deigned 现在分词:deigning 第三人称单数:deigns

  英英解释:

  动词 deign:do something that one considers to be below ones dignity

  同义词:condescend, deign, descend expedite 加速,加快

  eclectic [eklektik] n. 折衷主义者,折衷派的人 a. 选择的,折衷的,兼收并蓄的

  例句与用法:

  He has an eclectic taste in music. 他爱好各种音乐.

  词形变化:副词:eclectically

  英英解释:名词 eclectic:someone who selects according to the eclectic method

  同义词:eclecticist

  形容词 eclectic:selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

  entelechy n. 实体,圆满实现

  词形变化:名词复数:entelechies

  英英解释:

  名词 entelechy:(Aristotle) the state of something that is fully realized; actuality as opposed to potentiality

  fecund a. 多产的,丰饶的,肥沃的,有成果的

  英英解释:

  形容词 fecund:capable of producing offspring or vegetation

  intellectually productive

  同义词:fertile, prolific

  fanfare n. 喇叭或号角嘹亮的吹奏声,热烈欢迎

  例句与用法:

  A showy or ceremonious passage, such as a fanfare. 装饰乐句,花式吹奏一段炫耀或讲究仪式的音乐,例如小号曲

  Despite all the fanfare by Federal regulators over recent bailouts of sick savings institutions, evidence is mounting that the deals are merely papering over the severe problems plaguing the industry.

  不论联邦监管人员最近如何大张旗鼓挽救一蹶不振的储蓄行业,越来越多的证据显示:政府所做仅仅在掩饰困扰该待业的严重问题。

  The royal visitor was saluted by a fanfare of trumpets. 皇室贵宾在嘹亮的铜管乐曲中受到热烈欢迎.

  英英解释:

  名词 fanfare:a gaudy outward display

  同义词:ostentation, flash

  (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments

  同义词:flourish, tucket flamboyant 浮华的

  fastidious a. 难取悦的,挑剔的,苛求的,审慎选择的,极为讲究的

  例句与用法:

  One who is excessively fastidious in dress, manners, or taste. 爱修饰的人过分讲究穿著、举止或嗜好的人

  She is so fastidious about her food that I never invite her for dinner. 她对食物过於挑剔,因此我从不请她吃饭

  词形变化:名词:fastidiousness 副词:fastidiously

  英英解释:

  形容词 fastidious:

  giving careful attention to detail; hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness

  having complicated nutritional requirements; especially growing only in special artificial cultures

  同义词:exacting

  frowzy ad. 霉臭的(凌乱的), 不整洁的,不修边幅的

  例句与用法:

  Frowzy clothes; a frowzy professor. 脏衣服;邋遢的教授

  At London I am pent up in frowzy lodgings, where there is not room enough to swing a cat.

  在伦敦,我守在肮脏的住所里面,那地方狭窄得无法转身。

  词形变化:名词:frowziness

  英英解释:形容词 frowzy:negligent of neatness especially in dress and person; habitually dirty and unkempt

  同义词:frowsy, slovenly

  giddy [gidi] a. 眼花的,头晕的,浮华的v. 使眼花,眼花

  例句与用法:

  A giddy climb to the topmast. 到船中桅的令人头晕的攀登

  They looked down from a giddy height. 他们从令人眩晕的高度往下看。

  The children enjoyed twirling round and round, but I felt giddy just watching them.

  孩子们喜欢不停地旋转,但我看着他们就头晕。

  词形变化:

  名词:giddiness 副词:giddily 形容词比较级:giddier 最高级:giddiest 动词过去式:giddied 过去分词:giddied 现在分词:giddying 第三人称单数:giddies

  英英解释:

  形容词 giddy:having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling

  同义词:dizzy, woozy, vertiginous

  lacking seriousness; given to frivolity

  同义词:airheaded, dizzy, empty-headed, featherbrained, light-headed, lightheaded, silly

  grout [graut] n. 薄泥浆,水泥浆v. 用薄泥浆填塞

  词形变化:

  名词:grouter 动词过去式:grouted 过去分词:grouted 现在分词:grouting 第三人称单数:grouts

  英英解释:名词 grout:a thin mortar that can be poured and used to fill cracks in masonry or brickwork

  动词 grout:bind with grout

  grind [graind] n. 磨,碾,苦工作,苦力,苦差 v. 磨擦,磨碎

  例句与用法:

  The old engine ground and shuddered. 那台陈旧的发动机抖动著发出摩擦的声音。

  It wont grind down any finer than this. 不能磨得比这个再细了。

  The strike brought industry grinding to a halt. 由於罢工生产逐渐停顿下来。

  The jukebox ground out an incessant stream of pop music. 自动电唱机没完没了地放送流行乐曲。

  Some people grind their teeth while they are asleep. 有些人睡觉时磨牙齿。

  We grind up the wheat to make flour. 我们把小麦磨成面粉。

  People in this area were ground down by hunger and poverty. 这个地区的人们受着饥饿和贫穷的折磨。

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:ground 过去分词:ground 现在分词:grinding 第三人称单数:grinds 副词:grindingly

  英英解释:

  名词 grind:

  an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or studying excessively

  同义词:swot, nerd, wonk, dweeb

  hard monotonous routine work

  同义词:drudgery, plodding, donkeywork

  the act of grinding to a powder or dust

  同义词:mill, pulverization, pulverisation groggy 不稳定的,

  grumpy a. 性情乖戾的,脾气暴躁的

  例句与用法:

  Dont worry about his grumpy expression, his bark is worse than his bit.

  不要担心他的语言粗暴,他说话严厉,但并无恶意。

  I can see she is a woman of her word. Most people would have made this weather an excuse not to come so far to visit a grumpy old man.

  可以看出她是个守信用的人。遇到这种天气,大多人会以此为借口,不来看望一个脾气不好的老人。

  The grumpy man found fault with everything. 那个性情乖戾的人对什么事都要找岔。

  词形变化:名词:grumpiness 副词:grumpily 形容词比较级:grumpier 最高级:grumpiest

  英英解释:形容词 grumpy:perversely irritable

  同义词:crabbed, crabby, cross, fussy, grouchy, bad-tempered, ill-tempered gount 憔悴的

  gambit [gæmbit] n. 以取得优势的开局棋法,开始,话题,计谋,策略,手法

  例句与用法:

  Peters usual opening gambit is to buy a girl a drink, so that she immediately thinks she owes him something.

  彼得通常先是为姑娘买一杯饮料,这样她就马上认为自己欠了他什么。

  His opening gambit at the debate is a direct attack on government policy.

  他在辩论中的策略是先直接抨击政府的政策。

  英英解释:

  名词 gambit:

  an opening remark intended to secure an advantage for the speaker

  同义词:ploy

  a maneuver in a game or conversation

  同义词:ploy, stratagem

  a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position

  hectic [hektik] a. 兴奋的,繁忙的,忙乱的

  例句与用法:The journalist lead a hectic life. 新闻记者过着紧张兴奋的生活。

  英英解释:

  形容词 hectic:marked by intense agitation or emotion

  同义词:feverish

  hiatus n. 空隙,裂缝,空隙时间

  词形变化:名词复数:hiatuses 形容词:hiatal

  英英解释:

  名词 hiatus:an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

  同义词:suspension, respite, reprieve, abatement

  a missing piece (as a gap in a manuscript)

  a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure

  同义词:foramen

  harrow n. 耙v. 耙掘,伤害,使...苦恼

  例句与用法:

  The ox is never woe, till he to the harrow go. 挂耙去耕地,牛才知辛苦。

  The farmers harrow was broken during his working. 农夫正在劳动的时候,耙子断了。

  This ground harrows well. 这块地很好耙。

  词形变化:

  名词:harrower 动词过去式:harrowed 过去分词:harrowed 现在分词:harrowing 第三人称单数:harrows

  英英解释:

  名词 harrow:a cultivator that pulverizes or smooths the soil

  动词 harrow:draw a harrow over (land)

  同义词:disk

  harrowing a. 悲痛的,难受的

  例句与用法:

  This ground harrows well. 这块地很好耙。

  The shipwreck was a harrowing experience. 那次船难是一个惨痛的经历。

  英英解释:

  动词 harrow:draw a harrow over (land)

  同义词:harrow, disk

  形容词 harrowing:extremely painful

  同义词:agonizing, agonising, excruciating, torturing, torturous, torturesome hallow 使成为神圣

  haughty a. 傲慢的

  例句与用法:

  Affecting an attitude of disdain or conceit; haughty and supercilious.

  傲慢的摆出轻蔑或自满的样子的;高傲且盛气凌人的

  An affected, often haughty pose; affectation. 装腔作势做作的且常是傲慢的姿态;虚假

  Some of the more haughty of aristocracy did take exception at his neglecting to raise his cap to them. 一些较为傲慢的贵族对于他不记得向他们脱帽致敬大为不满。

  The nobles treated the common people with haughty contempt. 王公贵族以不屑一顾的傲慢态度对待平民百姓。

  词形变化:

  名词:haughtiness 副词:haughtily 形容词比较级:haughtier 最高级:haughtiest

  英英解释:

  形容词 haughty:having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy- W.L.Shirer

  同义词:disdainful, lordly, prideful, sniffy, supercilious, swaggering hohum 令人生厌的,厌烦的

  hobble v. 蹒跚,跛行,缚住,阻碍vi. 跛行

  例句与用法:A hobble or limp. 跛行或蹒跚The old man hobbled along (the road) with the aid of his stick. 那老汉拄著拐杖一瘸一拐地走著.

  词形变化:

  名词:hobbler 动词过去式:hobbled 过去分词:hobbled 现在分词:hobbling 第三人称单数:hobbles

  英英解释:名词 hobble:a shackle for the ankles or feet

  同义词:fetter

  the uneven manner of walking that results from an injured leg

  同义词:hitch, limp

  动词 hobble:walk impeded by some physical limitation or injury

  同义词:limp, gimp, hitch

  hamper the action or progress of

  strap the foreleg and hind leg together on each side (of a horse) in order to keep the legs on the same side moving in unison

  同义词:hopple

  hole up vt. 冬眠(躲藏)

  例句与用法:

  The gang (was) holed up in the mountains somewhere. 那帮匪徒躲在山中某处.

  Nearly10, 000 Western civilians, mostly British and American, are holed up in captured Kuwait City. If Saddam gets his hands on them, as he intends to, they are to be designated human targets and doomed.

  将近一万名西方平民(多半是英国人和美国人)躲藏在被占领的科威特城。如果萨达姆能如愿,使他们落在他手里,他们将被指定为活靶,难逃浩劫。

  英英解释:

  动词 hole up:remain secluded or in hiding

  score a hole in one

  sleep during winter

  同义词:hibernate innocuous 无害的

  inure v. 使...习惯

  例句与用法:

  After living here for years Ive become inured to the cold climate.我在此地居住多年, 已习惯寒冷的气候.

  One cannot inure oneself altogether to such malicious criticism. 谁也不能总是忍受这种恶意批评.

  词形变化:名词:inurement

  英英解释:动词 inure:cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate

  同义词:harden, indurate intransigent 不妥协的

  imperturbable a. 沉着的,泰然自若的,镇静的

  例句与用法:She was one of those imperturbable people who never get angry or upset.她是那种从不生气也不烦恼的人.

  词形变化:副词:imperturbably 名词:imperturbability

  英英解释:形容词 imperturbable:not easily perturbed or excited or upset; marked by extreme calm and composure iridescent 色彩斑斓的

  incumbent a. 凭依的,依靠的,负有义务的 n. 领圣职的俸禄的牧师,在职者

  例句与用法:

  It is incumbent upon justice to give some warnings of their doubt about a case. 法官有责任提醒人们有关他们对案件的疑问。Its incumbent on you to advise your son before he leaves home.在你儿子离家前给他忠告是你义不容辞的事。The quality or condition of being incumbent. 有义务负有义务的性质或状况

  词形变化:副词:incumbently

  imperious a. 傲慢的,专横的

  例句与用法:

  His imperious look makes us angry. 他那飞扬跋扈的样子令我们生气。

  We all dislike her for her imperious gesture. 因她那傲慢的样子,我们都不喜欢她。

  词形变化:名词:imperiousness 副词imperviously ad. 透不过地,不能渗透地

  英英解释:形容词 imperious:able to deal authoritatively with affairs indelibly 不可磨灭的

  impermeable a. 不能渗透的,不渗透性的

  词形变化:副词:impermeably 名词:impermeability 不透水地

  英英解释:形容词 impermeable:preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through ineffable 不可言喻的,难以形容的

  indefatigable a. 不知疲倦的

  词形变化:副词:indefatigably 不厌倦地, 不屈不挠地 名词:indefatigability

  英英解释:形容词 indefatigable:

  showing sustained enthusiastic action with unflagging vitality

  同义词:tireless, unflagging, unwearying incogruous 不和谐的

  incongruity n. 不调和,不一致,不配合

  词形变化:名词复数:incongruities

  英英解释:名词 incongruity:

  the quality of disagreeing; being unsuitable and inappropriate

  同义词:incongruousness

  lunatic a. 疯狂的 n. 疯子,精神错乱的人

  例句与用法:

  I really dont know what kind of man he really is; on one occasion, he is normal, and on another, he acts like a lunatic. 我真不了解他到底是怎样的人;一会儿正常,一会儿又像个疯子。Youre driving on the wrong side of the road, you lunatic! 你现在是逆行开车,你这个蠢材!The lunatic fringe are ignored by most members of the party. 绝大部分党员对极端分子不予理睬。

  英英解释:

  名词 lunatic:an insane person

  同义词:madman, maniac

  a reckless impetuous irresponsible person

  同义词:daredevil, madcap, hothead, swashbuckler, harum-scarum

  形容词 lunatic:insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon

  同义词:moonstruck

  lickspittle 献媚者

  lavender [lævində] n. 淡紫色,熏衣草

  例句与用法:

  Lavender has a delicate fragrance. 薰衣草有淡淡的香味.

  There is a lavender scent and rosemary scent in the air. 空气中有熏衣草和迷迭香花的味道。

  A trailing lavender negligee that swore at her bright red hair. 她身着拖地的淡紫色的长睡衣,与她那耀眼的红头发很不协调。

  I dont like the smell of lavender. 我不喜欢熏衣草的香味。

  I bought some lavender writing paper. 我买了一些淡紫色的信纸。

  This is a kind of lavender-water. 这是一种熏衣草香水。

  英英解释:

  名词 lavender:

  any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated

  形容词 lavender:of a pale purple color

  同义词:lilac, lilac-colored

  leverage [li:vəridʒ] n. 杠杆作用,影响力

  例句与用法:

  Should the West root unreservedly for Soviet success? Or should Western economic support turn on Soviet political behavior at home and abroad? Western politicians weight the choice, but its a false choice: the leverage doesnt exist.

  西方应该毫无保留地支持苏联使其成功吗?或者西方的经济支援是否应视苏联在国内外政治行为来决定?西方政客们权衡他们的选择,可是这项选择是错误的。西方对苏联的制衡并不存在。

  He has some leverage over the politician.

  他对这位政界人士有些影响。

  libido [libaidəu] n. 欲望,性的冲动,生命力

  词形变化:名词复数:libidos 副词:libidinally 形容词:libidinal

  英英解释:名词 libido:(psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire

  mundane [mʌndein] a. 现世的,世俗的,宇宙的,枯燥

  词形变化:副词:mundanely 名词:mundane-ness

  英英解释:形容词 mundane:found in the ordinary course of events- Anita Diamant

  同义词:everyday, quotidian, routine, unremarkable, workaday

  concerned with the world or worldly matters

  同义词:terrestrial

  belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly

  同义词:terrene

  Something, such as a crowbar, that is used to apply leverage. 撬杠用于实施杠杆作用的某物,比如撬杠等Her wealth gives her enormous leverage in social circles. 她有财富便於她在社会各界造成巨大影响。

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:leveraged 过去分词:leveraged 现在分词:leveraging 第三人称单数:leverages

  英英解释:名词 leverage:the mechanical advantage gained by being in a position to use a lever

  同义词:purchase

  strategic advantage; power to act effectively

  investing with borrowed money as a way to amplify potential gains (at the risk of greater losses)

  同义词:leveraging

  动词 leverage:

  supplement with leverage

  provide with leverage

  maim [meim] v. 使残废,使不能工作,使伤残

  例句与用法:

  He was maimed in a First World War battle. 他在第一次世界大战的一埸战斗中受伤致残.

  She survived the accident but she was maimed for life and will never walk again.她在意外事故中大难不死,但却终身残废,再也不能行走了。

  词形变化:名词:maimer 动词过去式:maimed 过去分词:maimed 现在分词:maiming 第三人称单数:maims

  英英解释:动词 maim:injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation

  mentor [mentɔ:] n. 指导者,良师益友

  例句与用法:

  A priest who is ones spiritual mentor. 神父作为某人精神导师的神父

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:mentored 过去分词:mentored 现在分词:mentoring 第三人称单数:mentors

  英英解释:

  名词 mentor:a wise and trusted guide and advisor

  同义词:wise man

  动词 mentor:serve as a teacher or trusted counselor

  muskrat [mʌskræt] n. [动]麝鼠

  词形变化:名词复数:muskrat

  英英解释:名词 muskrat:the brown fur of a muskrat

  同义词:muskrat fur

  beaver-like aquatic rodent of North America with dark glossy brown fur

  同义词:musquash, Ondatra zibethica

  molestation [məulesteiʃən] n. 折磨,干扰,妨害,性骚扰

  英英解释:名词 molestation:the act of subjecting someone to unwanted or improper sexual advances or activity (especially women or children)

  the act of tormenting by continued persistent attacks and criticism

  同义词:harassment

  molest [məulest] v. 折磨,干扰,调戏

  例句与用法:

  Cares do still their thoughts molest, and still the unhappy poets breast.烦忧仍然困扰诗人的思绪,诗人郁闷的胸膛。The dog that molested the sheep was killed.那只骚扰绵羊的狗被杀死了。

  词形变化:

  动词过去式:molested 过去分词:molested 现在分词:molesting 第三人称单数:molests 名词:molestation

  英英解释:

  动词 molest:harass or assault sexually; make indecent advances to

  同义词:molest

  annoy continually or chronically

  同义词:harass, hassle, harry, chivy, chivvy, chevy, chevvy, beset, plague, molest, provoke

  nimiety [nimaiəti] n. 过多,过剩

  英英解释:名词 nimiety:a quantity much larger than is needed

  同义词:excess, surplus, surplusage

  nemesis [nimisis] n. 报应,给与惩罚的人,天罚,复仇的人

  词形变化:名词复数:nemeses

  英英解释:名词 nemesis:(Greek mythology) the goddess of divine retribution and vengeance

  something causes misery or death

  同义词:bane, curse, scourge

  committal [kəmitl] n. 委托, 承担义务, 赞助

  例句与用法:

  At the committal proceedings the police withdrew their case.警方在转交诉讼程序中撤销了案件。Articulated her strong committal to world peace. 明确表达她对世界和平的强烈支持

  英英解释:

  名词 committal:

  the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital)

  同义词:commitment, consignment

  the act of committing a crime

  同义词:perpetration, commission

  noncommittal [nɔnkɔmitəl] a. 不表示意见的(不承担义务的)

  例句与用法:

  I asked him if he approved of our plan, but he was noncommittal.我问他是否赞同我们的计划,但他态度不明朗。He was rather noncommittal. 他说得很活络。An intentionally noncommittal or ambiguous statement. 暧昧的回答,故意的不信任故意说得模棱两可的话,不明确的话

  词形变化:副词:noncommittally

  英英解释:形容词 noncommittal:refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action or view or the like

  neap [ni:p] a. 小潮的,最低潮的

  英英解释:名词 neap:a less than average tide occurring at the first and third quarters of the moon

  同义词:neap tide

  opulence [ɔpjuləns] n. 富裕(丰富)

  例句与用法:He owes his opulence to work hard.他的财富乃辛勤工作得来。

  The room was decorated with stagy opulence. 那房间装饰得富丽堂皇, 像戏台似的.

  词形变化:异体字:opulency

  英英解释:名词 opulence:wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living

  同义词:luxury, luxuriousness, sumptuousness

  obstreperous [əbstrepərəs] a. 吵闹的,喧嚣的,乱闹的

  词形变化:名词:obstreperousness 副词:obstreperously

  英英解释:

  形容词 obstreperous:noisily and stubbornly defiant

  boisterously and noisily aggressive

  obtuse [əbtju:s] a. 钝的,不尖的,圆头的,迟钝的

  例句与用法:

  An obtuse leaf. 钝形圆头的叶子尖

  An obtuse, boring, or bothersome person; a pest.

  讨厌的人愚钝的、无聊的或讨厌的人;害人精

  词形变化:

  形容词比较级:obtuser 最高级:obtusest 名词:obtuseness 副词:obtusely

  英英解释:

  形容词 obtuse:of an angle; between 90 and 180 degrees

  of a leaf shape; rounded at the apex

  lacking in insight or discernment- Jasper Griffin

  同义词:purblind

  slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity

  同义词:dense, dim, dull, dumb, slow

  protist [prəutist] n. 原生生物

  词形变化:形容词:protistan 名词:pro-tistology

  英英解释:

  名词 protist:free-living or colonial organisms with diverse nutritional and reproductive modes

  同义词:protistan

  pundit [pʌndit] n. 学者,梵学者,博学的人

  例句与用法:

  A political pundit. 政治评论家The pundits disagree on the best way of dealing with the problem.如何妥善处理这一问题, 专家众说纷纭.

  词形变化:名词:punditry

  英英解释:名词 pundit:someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field

  同义词:initiate, learned person, savant

  procrastinate [prəukræstineit] v. 延迟,迁延,耽搁

  例句与用法:

  He procrastinated until it was too late to do anything at all.他因循坐误, 一事无成.

  词形变化:名词:procrastination 动词过去式:procrastinated 过去分词:procrastinated 现在分词:procrastinating 第三人称单数:procrastinates

  英英解释:

  动词 procrastinate:postpone doing what one should be doing

  同义词:stall, drag ones feet, drag ones heels, shillyshally, dilly-dally, dillydally

  postpone or delay needlessly

  primordial [praimɔ:djəl] a. 原始的,自原始时代的,最初的

  Lifes primordial reality is spirit. 生命的根本真实性是精神。

  Play a primordial role. 担任主要角色

  词形变化:副词:primordially

  英英解释:形容词 primordial:

  having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state

  同义词:aboriginal, primal, primeval, primaeval

  in the words of 正如。。。所说

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